Dr. K. Thangaraj is a Chief Scientist and Group Leader at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad. His main research interests are; origin of modern human, cardiovascular diseases, mitochondrial disorders, and male infertility. He is an elected Fellow of; Indian Academy of Sciences, Indian National Science Academy, National Academy of Sciences, and elected member of Guha Research Conference. He is a recipient of J C Bose Fellowship, Sun Pharma Research Award in Medical Sciences, Dr. Subhash Mukherjee Oration Award, Prof. Manjeet Singh Oration Award, Raman Research Fellowship, Rashtriya Rathan Award, UK-India Education and Research Initiative Major Award, Life-time achievement Award, Excellence in Science Award, Distinguished Scientist Award, Dr. Palle Rama Rao Award, Prof. GK Manna Memorial Lecture Award, Dr. L. D. Sanghvi Oration Award, Dr. Joseph Thomas Memorial Lecture Award, Prof. G. Jayaraman Oration Award, etc. He has published over 250 research articles in peer-reviewed journals, including Lancet, Cell, Science, Nature and Nature Genetics. He is a Board Editor of Mitochondrion; Associate Editor of BMC Medical Genetics; BMC Genetics; Tropical Medicine and International Health, and member of the Editorial Board of the journals – Scientific Reports, Human Genetics, and Clinical Genetics. He was the President of the Indian Society of Human Genetics (2011 – 2015) and the founder of the Society for Mitochondrial Research and Medicine.